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Blacksmithing and Metallurgy Hand-wrought manufacture of metal objects, extracting metals from their ores, or purifying metals and casting useful items from the metals.

Blacksmithing and Metallurgy

Celtic Blacksmithing


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  #1  
Old 07-21-2012, 08:27:55 PM
DaveMisch DaveMisch is offline
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Default Celtic Blacksmithing

The Blacksmiths at Buffalo, Niagara Heritage Village demonstrated some Celtic Blacksmithing from the bronze age to the Iron age today. I am not a blacksmith, but was there as a docent for the Museum. I got to use the air bag bellows. This was very hard work. The more modern forge with two hand bellows was much easier to work. This was a demonstration of the improved tecknowledgy over time. We chopped straw to mix with clay and sand to build the forges and then fired them to start drying the clay. Here are some pictures. I will explain them in detail if anyone is interested.

Dave Mischler
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Old 07-21-2012, 09:03:45 PM
JoeCB JoeCB is offline
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Default Re: Celtic Blacksmithing

Thanks for posting ...interesting. I guess that the first pic is of the more advanced "two handed" bellows. what era whould thes represent? The other three pix are the "bag" bellows... looks like two bags with tubes blowing into a clay fire pot, correct? I can see how pumping these would be hard work.
We have a coal forge at the Scout camp which has a "great bellows" mounted up overhead in the smithy. The great bellows represents . I believe the most advanced design in bellows with it's dual air chambers and constant flow discharge.
Joe B
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Old 07-21-2012, 09:37:35 PM
DaveMisch DaveMisch is offline
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Default Re: Celtic Blacksmithing

You are correct Joe. The man with the two bag bellows says it dates to about 500 BC. The bag bellows go back to 2000 BC. He says it took a lot of skill and inovation to build the bellows while the bags only required a dead goat. The bags were like a valise with two straight sticks at the top. You opened it to fill with air then put the two edges together and pushed down. It would only expell all the air if a second person pushed with splayed hands. The bags had no valves. The operator had to open and close with each stroke.
Two more pictures. Another shot of the fun job of working the bag bellows and a shot of our molded refractory. All fuel was charcoal.
Dave Mischler
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Old 07-22-2012, 09:19:01 PM
Kpack
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Default Re: Celtic Blacksmithing

Did y'all heat any iron and if you did how did it work
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Old 07-22-2012, 11:27:04 PM
DaveMisch DaveMisch is offline
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Default Re: Celtic Blacksmithing

We heated iron with the charcoal. it was tough with the bag belows, but I manned the two bellows and had no trouble getting the iron red hot. We were out in the full sun so it didn't keep glowing as it would in less light.
Here is a link to the museum web site. There are 30 pictures on the face book section.
Dave Mischler

http://www.amherstmuseum.org/

---------- Post added at 11:27 PM ---------- Previous post was at 11:04 PM ----------

If you look at the Museum pictures, you will see me in the second picture and another one. Straw hat and blue and white checked shirt.

Dave Mischler
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Old 07-23-2012, 06:22:04 AM
Kpack
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Default Re: Celtic Blacksmithing

Pretty nice
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