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Health hazards for shop people and others


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Old 10-16-2010, 12:30:43 PM
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Default Health hazards for shop people and others

Health Hazards Manual for Artist
Michael McCann Ph.D CIH
4th edition
ISBN 1-55821-306-6
Lyons & Burford Publishers
Copyright ©1994
Paperback, 132 pages
Line drawings


Just to add something to keep the emails and PM's down. If you are still breathing and you do anything around the house or in other working setting including office work you are exposed to more things that are bad for you! A little common sense can go a long way. Whether you consider yourself an artist or not!

With the constant ever changing research being done into the health effects of the materials around us, both in and out of the shop. Due to the sort and long term effects on our bodies.

It is becoming a must for the artist/fabricator/Shop person to stay on top of it. This book sort of fell into my hands when I was carrying a box of books I purchased. After reading some of it. This should become mandatory reading .

All these years Turpentine has been label as safe, how many of us didnít give a second thought about using it to wash or body parts off after an oil paint session. Having been in sign painting back in the day when One Shot lead based paint was the weapon of choice. As the lead was the reason for the great coverage, in the beginning of the hazard awaking the MEKís Methyl Ethyl Ketone and its cousins were the ones that we were warned against.

Not that they canít cause problems, but now the threshold limit valves for exposure for MEK is 200ppm (parts per million) compared to Turpentine 20ppm

The Relative Toxicity Rating for MEK is skin contact MODERATE, inhalation: MODERATE, ingestion MODERATE.

The Relative Toxicity Rating for TURPENTINE is skin contact: HIGH, inhalation: HIGH, ingestion: HIGH.

Who would have thought that! What was also interesting is that ACETONE TLV 500ppm skin and inhalation: both SLIGHT, ingestion: Moderate.

The book is divided into three sections: Part One is: How Art Material Affect You. This covers the Basic problem, Risk factors, Effects on the bodies systems, Solvents and aerosol sprays and Acids and alkalis.

The second part is: Hazards of various media With any number of them that are of interest to the metal worker, home shop person. From painting, stone, clay, and wax, wood, plastics welding metal working, jewelry, enameling stained glass, glassblowing to children and art materials.

The third part is: Safety in the Studio, covering Materials, Safer materials Processes, Ventilation, Storage Handling, Housekeeping, Fire prevention and the Personal protective equipment and how to get help. What you need to tell the doctors if you are having problems. And they canít find a cause, since most doctors arenít use to treating material related illnesses. It is a good Idea for you to keep your own MSDS of what you use so if you are not able to communicate your family can provide info.

There are newer editions out of this book. So when looking for a used copy get latest you can.
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Old 10-16-2010, 03:06:05 PM
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Default Re: Health hazards for shop people and others

Don't let the title fool you as the material are the same!
Artist Beware
Michael McCann PhD CIH
The Lyons Press
Copyright © 2005
ISBN 1-59228-592-9
Trade paperback
591 pages
B&W photoís line drawings and information sheets

This is his expanded version of his previous book which could be called Artist Beware Lite ! This one too has had a number of editions. And is currently being used as higher education text book. For artists and art teachers, as we are more ever moving to a more litigious society.

This is divided into two parts: The first is Chemical and Physical Hazards, basically the first chapters discuss what and how the materials you use can hurt you and what bodily systems they affect and how.

After the basics it is again split into Gases and Liquids section and then Dusts and Fumes. It is set up with the most important information only. Which covers TOXICITY RATINGS, with the further explanations of the dosage, oral skin and inhalation. ACCIH(American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists) EXPOSURE LIMITS, (threshold limit values), NIOSH exposure limits STL (Short Term Exposure Limits), OSHA exposure PELíS(Permissible Exposure Limits)

Since as with most things that would cost industry money, there is still some controversy about the role that industry played in setting them. So all three are included if the last two are lower than the TLV.

One interesting thing you may want to consider if you are in an art studio work place. Donít call OHSA as it doesnít do studioís or art work places. And since the industrial limits are higher than for studioís they may just give the work place no violations! Which means they then could state that OHSA has given them a clean bill of health.

Given are the chemical names, common names if so are used, flash point, Specific hazards along with general hazards and general uses for the class of material. If there is need for further detailed explanation it is also given.

The next 5 chapters deal with Safety in the work place or studio. general safety, ventilation lots of great info most donít know or things that we donít consider. Using flammable and toxic art material safety.

And the personal protective equipment, and some of it will surprise you as it has to do with things that arenít really discussed much. Noise in the studio/shop two examples are hammering on metal @120 decibels, and portable grinding 110 decibels.
Another item that isnít talked about much is, Infrared Radiation emitted by heated objects. Whether somebody is at forge side glass blowing or hot work kilns, foundry. It has been known as potters cataracts, or any other names down through the years.

Head gear for bump injuries, proper clothing, the proper shoes and then if you use ear plugs and do welding or anything were sparks are generated they should non flammable as not to cause more damage to the ear.

It also Goes into ergonomics, tool and machine safety then finishing up with the physical hazards. And finishing up with in case of illness or injury who do you call. As most regular GPís will not have a clue about what to do or which test to call for. Things most of us have never given thought to or about.

The second part again covers the: Assorted art and Craft Techniques from painting, drawing, sculpture, wood, metal, smithing, glass, enameling and jewelry among others and finishing out with children and art materials.

Each craft is then listed out as to hazards and then precautions, and if need be broken down further to separate subject matter in the craft.

It has a great Bibliography and good index. Again check for the latest edition, as the information changes as new research comes to light.
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Old 10-18-2010, 10:25:29 AM
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Default Re: Health hazards for shop people and others

The Artistís complete Health and Safety Guide
Monona Rossol
Allworth Press
Copyright ©2001
ISBN 1-58115-204-3
Trade paperback
405 pages
Charts, Tables and few Line Drawings



This one is by the God Mother of arts, crafts and theater safety, she was ACTS founder. It is to bad that due to funding and grants cuts due to the economy the website has been shut down. As it was a great resource for any one in any of the areas it covered.

The book is sectioned into 4 main headings: Part I The Regulated Art World
Chapter 1 ; Health and Safety Laws
Chapter 2 ; Health Hazards and the Body
Chapter 3 ; Chemical Health Hazards and their Control
Chapter 4 ; Physical Hazards and their Control
Chapter 5 ; Identifying Hazardous Materials
Chapter 6 ; General Precautions
Chapter 7 ; Ventilation
Chapter 8 ; Respiratory Protection

They are mostly self descriptive as titles all but the most important one Chapter 5 As there are a lot of things and phrases and buzz words that manufactures put on labels to confuse or obfuscate the public or consumer.

Just because it is a natural product doesnít mean it is safe after all asbestos, silica and dioxins are natural products. Also the phrases that are used

USE WITH ADEQUATE VENTILATION doesnít mean use with a window or door open. It means that some toxic component becomes airborne during the products use. Ventilation required must be sufficient to keep the airborne substance below levels that are acceptable for industrial air quality.

BIODEGRADABLE, WATER-BASED, NATURAL, NONTOXIC CONSUMER PRODUCTS
This last one in the US and Canada is a great example the test last 2 weeks and if half the animals are alive after it. So following the above standards Powdered asbestos could be labeled nontoxic on the basis of this test. As all the animals will appear healthy after the two week tests, because cancer and asbestosis takes years to develop.

CITRUS OIL used in all manner of cleaners including had cleaners is made from citrus rinds. It contains D-LIMONENE which is natures pesticide, It kills flies so efficiently that it is registered with the EPA as an active ingredient in commercial pesticides. Add that to the fact that the citrus oil is contaminated with other pesticides from commercial fruit production

The American Industrial Hygiene Association set workplace standards for d-limonene that is more restrictive then that for turpentine, toluene and most other common solvents!

The chapter on ventilation and respiratory protection are filled with things you mom and employers never told you about the fine print in the descriptions of the two subjects.

Part II: Artistís Raw Materials
Chapter 9: Solvents
Chapter 10: Pigments and Dyes
Chapter 11: Metals and Metal Compounds
Chapter 12: Minerals
Chapter 13: Plastics and Adhesives

Covers the basics on the above headings and general information. In chapter 11 for metals, it covers alloys, skin contact, corrosion products, dusts and powders, fumes, inhalation of metal particles, metal containing gases, metal compounds, other compounds. Exposure standards, toxicology of metals and compounds Threshold limit values and more in depth coverage of skin, nervous system, respiratory system, and reproductive effects.

It has a table that covers local and systemic hazards on the materials, and the TLV weighted for exposure for 8 hour day. Also list common chemical mixes and alloys that can have an effect.

PART III: Precautions for individual Media

Chapters 14 through 29 are paper making, glass, metal surface treatments, painting, welding, woodworking casting and smithing are just a few of them listed. Now they cover other hazards also, noise, radiation from light both UV and infrared, and bodily injury.

A lot of things people in the studio and shop sometimes take for granted. Or the always Iím only doing it for a minute, OUCH! Hey call 911!

PART: IV The Next Generation

Chapter : 30 Teaching Art
Chapter : 31 Reproductive Risks

Most will not be teaching in the general sense, but enough have younger kids, or grand kids that they enjoy showing and getting involved in shop/studio work. If you are he man or women and still consider yourself bullet proof. At least take a moment and think of the youngins!

It finishes up with sources, government agencies, standard organizations, commercial sources and reference list, a glossary and index.
If you are only going to get one book as a shop/studio source then I will say that this one has it all. It truly lives up to its name.
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